14. Modal Verbs
- ought to
- need (modal and lexical)
Modal in the past
Must have been- musiało być
Possibility and uncertainty in the past is expressed by modal in perfect aspect: modal + have – III f
Must- She must have been beautiful girl when she was young.
Can- You can’t have lost it.
You might / could have told me.
They might/could have killed you.
Can’t have III f = Couldn’t have III f
I can play the piano- ability
I could play the piano when I was 5.-potential ability
Once I was able to play for 5 hours.
Used to, would
used to-universal, state and action
1.Harry used to be a cigarette smoker.-past state
2.He didn’t use to worry about his health.-past activity
3.He would come home drunk.-repeated action in the past.